By: Ellen Bell and Stephon Devereux
In this article, we’ll cover the ten basic steps to teach you how to plant a vegetable garden this year.
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After a long winter, a large number of us are prepared to get out into our yards handle some little home improvement projects. One well known project that numerous American property holders will go up against this spring is putting in a vegetable garden. With many of us searching for approaches to trim back our budgets and our waistlines, developing your own produce at home is picking up in popularity. Not only would you be able to grow a variety of solid, healthy foods at a small amount of the costs you’d pay at a market, yet you additionally have the genuine feelings of serenity of knowing precisely where your nourishment has originated from. In this article, we’ll cover the ten basic steps to take to develop a productive vegetable garden in your yard this year.
1. Pick the best area.
For a vegetable garden, you ought to search out a spot in your yard that gets no less than 6-8 hours of daylight for every day and that has all around depleted soil.
2. Prepare the ground.
After you’ve removed the sod and worked up the dirt, a critical step before planting is to revise the dirt with some natural matter like peat moss or manure.
3. Start your seeds early, if possible.
Having the longest and largest harvest in the summer means you want to get your plants started as early as possible in the spring. If possible, use a small home greenhouse. Coldframes in your garden can also be quite useful for protecting young, delicate plants from late frosts.
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4. Mulch after planting.
Once all your plants are in the garden and have started growing, be sure to spread a thick layer of mulch over everything. This will help the soil retain moisture and will keep weed growth at a minimum.
5. Regular support is critical!
Try not to neglect your garden for a considerable length of time at once. Get out consistently to water, thin weeds, and trim or pinch back plants as necessary.
6. Fertilize at the right time.
Different vegetables will require fertilizing at different times. Consult a vegetable gardening book or authoritative website to find out when to apply fertilizers to each plant. Fertilizing is critical to getting the biggest and best harvest from your plants.
7. Deal with pests right away.
If you see damage to your plants caused by insects, rabbits, birds, or other garden pests, take action immediately. Install cages to keep rabbits and birds away and apply insecticides (either chemical or natural, as you prefer) to kill insects. Pests can damage a crop very quickly, so it’s important not to delay.
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8. Remove diseased plants immediately.
If you notice that one of your tomatoes is beginning to blight, pull the entire plant from the garden right away. Removing a diseased plant from the garden quickly may save the rest of your crop.
9. Harvest produce promptly and regularly.
With most vegetable plants, you’ll get the largest and longest harvests if you keep picking produce very regularly. Bean plants, for example, will stop producing very rapidly if you leave them for a week or two without picking the pods.
10. Don’t forget the year-end maintenance.
At the end of the season, be sure to remove all plants; don’t let them die and overwinter in the garden. If possible, add some compost or other organic matter to the soil at the end of the season, as this will have the most benefit for next year’s crops if it sits over the winter. Last but not least, cover your garden beds with black landscape cloth. In the spring, when the snow melts, the black fabric will attract the sun’s heat, helping to warm your soil faster so you can plant even earlier next year.
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